Meeting with the Minister of the Environment of Tatarstan – RealnoeVremya.com

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Tatarstan’s Environment Ministry explained how they reached agreement with companies on emissions control

Tatarstan, distinguished by its high concentration of industrial enterprises, annually spends more than 11.5 billion rubles on environmental protection measures. Thanks to holistic monitoring and large injections, the air pollution situation has improved markedly in cities, Tatarstan’s Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Alexander Shadrikov said during a round table on environmental safety in industrial cities. In addition, since this year, industrial tycoons – Tatneft and TAIF – have started sending data on air emissions from their own automatic stations to the Tatarstan Ministry of Environment server.

Air purity under the control of environmentalists

The air quality in the cities of Tatarstan is more favorable than 10 years ago, while the emissions of harmful substances are conditioned by an increase in the vehicle fleet rather than by the operation of industrial companies. In addition, the industrial tycoons themselves do not hide the amounts of emissions, become more transparent and open in the use of natural resources, Tatarstan’s Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Alexander Shadrikov said at the conference. a discussion devoted to the problem of environmental safety in industrial cities.

According to him, this year, large users of natural resources signed an agreement with the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Tatarstan committing them to disclose data on environmental monitoring and a gradual reduction of emissions into the atmosphere. Under these agreements, all automatic environmental monitoring stations of industrial companies were connected to the server of the Ministry of the Environment. As a result, data on industrial emissions began to be received online by monitoring agencies.

“The largest farms – Tatneft and TAIF – have signed agreements with the ministry and are sending data on industrial emissions from their automatic monitoring stations,” Alexander Shadrikov told the public. “This data is updated every 30 to 40 minutes.”

Tatarstan’s Minister of Environment and Natural Resources says that such transparency of information makes it possible to see an objective picture. “They don’t hide their data and we oversee everything that is emitted into the atmosphere. The minister adds that a similar regime can be applied to other companies, which “will allow the regime of supervision over the air in the republic to be extended”.

According to Shadrikov, this year, large users of natural resources signed an agreement with Tatarstan’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources committing them to disclose data on environmental monitoring and gradual reduction of emissions into the atmosphere.

0.01% cleaner air

On the other hand, the ministry’s own laboratory regularly takes samples in cities that show a positive dynamic. While 4 million air samples were taken in 2019, last year the number increased by 250,000 samples. The radius of coverage has widened thanks to the purchase of new equipment, said the minister. As a result, the maximum permissible concentration in the air has decreased by 0.01% per year: from 0.05% in 2020 to 0.04% in 2021. “It speaks of air quality,” said the Minister of the Environment of Tatarstan. that air quality improves despite the frequency of measurements.

Car owners who switch to new types of fuel have also contributed to a decrease in the level of pollution. “Euro 4 and Euro 5 fuels are sold in service stations in the republic, which reduces the amount of polluting substances in the air. According to the joint operation Clean Air with the traffic police, the share of cars whose emissions are exceeded is decreasing. In 2020, the increase was 3.3%, while in 2010 it was 22.7%. At the same time, the number of cars in the republic increased significantly.

According to the joint operation Clean Air with the traffic police, the share of cars whose emissions are exceeded is decreasing. Photo: eco.tatarstan.ru

Wastewater discharge at Kyzyl Bayrak

Water bodies are monitored at 261 control stations, Tatarstan’s environment minister continued. The republic has 79 bodies of water. Surface water is analyzed in 29 indicators.

“More than 30,000 tests are performed each year. Now we see an improvement in the surface waters of the republic. The number of samples with a maximum allowable concentration exceeded is decreasing, ”Shadrikov said.

He put an example of data from a station located near the village of Kyzyl Bayrak (Verkhny Uslon district, Tatarstan, with direct access to the Volga). According to the minister, industrial companies dumped wastewater there, including illegally. After the detection of this site, a checkpoint was set up. As a result, MAC numbers have been reduced by 15%. “This is very important. Measures we are taking against those who organize illegal dumping works.

The National Environment Project is the main funding for environmental protection projects. This money is spent on the remediation of the Volga, the conservation of the forests, the measures of the Clean Country program. A total of 11.5 billion rubles were allocated for these purposes, including 7 billion rubles from corporate investments.

In environmental investments, Tatarstan ranks first in the Volga Federal District, Shadrikov said.

The number of samples whose maximum permissible concentration is exceeded decreases. Photo: eco.tatarstan.ru

Carbon site to control the carbon footprint

What are the missions of the Ministry of the Environment? According to him, a route for an uninterrupted production ramp-up must take into account the missions of ensuring the sustainable development of a territory and of taking definitive measures in terms of environmental safety.

“It is absolutely obvious that only energy efficient economies will be more competitive. This is why Tatarstan is doing a lot to introduce the principles of circular economy, ”he said.

With the adoption of the Paris Agreement, the task is to reduce the carbon footprint of the economy. There are plans to create a carbon site at the Federal University of Kazan in 2022 to monitor the footprint and develop and test technologies controlling the carbon footprint, the minister said. This year, on the instructions of the Republican President, a working group on climate policy and decarbonisation plans was created in Tatarstan. Representatives of companies and organizations from the republic, the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, universities and ministries of the republic are members of the working group.

The minister says Tatneft was one of the first companies to join the Science Based Targets initiative to limit global warming. According to this initiative, it will reduce greenhouse emissions to achieve carbon neutrality (zero net greenhouse gases) by 2050. To minimize the negative impact of the carbon footprint on the environment, the company planted 5 million trees in 2021. The activity of enterprises in the Nizhnekamsk Industrial Hub with 62 enterprises in total is an example of responsible attitude of industrial enterprises. For example, over the past three years the Nizhnekamsk enterprises, which are part of the TAIF group of enterprises, have taken a series of environmental protection measures.

The activity of enterprises of the industrial center of Nizhnekamsk is an example of responsible attitude of industrial enterprises

Industrial companies ask to recalculate municipal solid waste

In turn, Artur Nikolayev, vice-president of the Tatarstan Chamber of Commerce and Industry comprising more than 2,000 Tatarstan companies, assured the public that concern for the environment was an important priority for them in the conduct of their activity.

“There is an environmental committee among the 29 committees that work in the House. It was created to help businesses when changes were made to legislation, ”Nikolayev said.

Later, the speaker addressed a burning issue of payment for municipal solid waste. “During the pandemic, businesses were closed. Despite this, they had to pay the average, which was too high, ”he complains.

Continuing the theme, the Deputy Director General of the Investment Fund for Territorial Development, Ruslan Gadzhiyev, noted that in addition to automated control, it was necessary to establish a dialogue with citizens so that “they see how and what is being done in the republic to save clean air. . “

Ruslan Gadzhiyev noted that in addition to automated control, it was necessary to establish a dialogue with citizens so that “they see how and what is being done in the republic to save clean air”.

“So what are people seeing? Pipe smoke, oily stains in bodies of water, deforestation, unpleasant odor. At the same time, people hardly ever feel the work done in protecting, restoring the environment. Investments in the filtration and treatment system, compensatory tree planting, sanitation of the tributaries of the river. That is why public scrutiny over these issues is important. This concerns in particular large new construction projects, the opening of new businesses. Without dialogue and direct prior discussion, taking into account the opinions of citizens, we will not have the result we expect. Frankly, all environmental measures are taken for our citizens, for their future, ”he concluded.

Luiza Ignatyeva

Tatarstan

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