TEHRAN – Masoud Mansour, director of the Forest, Range and Watershed Management Organization, has expressed the country’s willingness to share knowledge on natural resources with Kazakhstan.
Given the good experiences in combating desertification in Iran, the knowledge can be transferred to Kazakhstan, he added.
He made the remarks during a meeting held Monday in Tehran with Kazakh Deputy Minister of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources Talgat Momyshev.
During the meeting, the two sides discussed ways to strengthen cooperation between the two countries in the field of natural resources.
Noting that significant successes have been achieved in the field of desertification in Iran, Mansour said that Iran has a long history in this field and to date has transformed 1.5 million hectares of land. deserts in forests.
The Iranian official said there are 14 million hectares of forests, more than 80 million hectares of pastures and 30 million hectares of desert land in Iran, IRNA reported.
Natural resources, especially forests, are now managed by the Natural Resources Organization through conservation measures and without timber harvesting, he added.
Momyshev, for his part, expressed satisfaction at strengthening cooperation between the two nations and stressed that Iran can establish good relations with Kazakhstan by transferring its experiences.
Referring to the drying up of Ural Lake as the country’s biggest environmental challenge, he lamented that with the drying up of Ural Lake, more than 100,000 tons of salt dust are produced and dispersed into the air each year. .
With its expert work and technologies in the field of lake rehabilitation, reforestation in desert and non-desert lands, as well as technical services in the field of watershed management, Iran can help Kazakhstan to tackle the problem, he said.
In 2021 alone, about 61,000 hectares of land were planted in Kazakhstan, and currently the country’s forest area has reached 6 million hectares, he noted.
There are many areas of cooperation between Iran and Kazakhstan in the field of agriculture and natural resources, and our experts have agreed to use the technical and specialized services of the Iranians in this regard, he said. added.
Ali Banagar, head of the Forestry Scientific Association affiliated with the Forest and Rangeland Research Institute, said in December 2021 that the trend of deforestation in Iran is worrying.
“Besides natural factors, construction of villas and roads, development projects, construction of dams, timber smuggling, forest encroachment and land grabbing, forest fires, extraction coal, subsistence activities, including agriculture, fuel supply and overgrazing of livestock, social and economic problems, and exploitation of natural resources, pests, environmental pollution and landfills, and many other factors have reduced the quantity and quality of forests.
Each of these variables has increased or decreased in recent years, but the result is alarming,” he explained.
Between 2015 and 2020, around 12,000 hectares of forests across the country were wiped out each year, said Reza Bayani, an official with the Forest, Range and Watershed Management Organization.
He went on to say that the forests in the country are estimated at 14.3 million hectares, the forests in the north of the country were estimated at 2,080,000 million hectares around 60 years ago, and today, they extend to 2,004,000 hectares taking into account the replanted areas.