GDEV Resources Thu, 11 Aug 2022 17:32:37 +0000 en-US hourly 1 GDEV Resources 32 32 NIFA-Funded Researcher Spotlight: Dr. Kimberly Morgan Thu, 11 Aug 2022 17:32:37 +0000

This month, the USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) spotlights NIFA-funded researchers who are creating more and better markets for producers and consumers.

Get to know Dr. Kimberly Morgan, associate professor at the University of Florida (UF), and her work in the following conversation.

Dr. Kimberly Morgan is an associate professor at the University of Florida. Image courtesy of Dr. Morgan.

Tell us about your background and how your interest in agriculture developed.

I am the third generation of the Indiana farm that my grandfather sold with great joy (he never agreed with me that pleasure horses were a good use of time or money). silver). After starting at UF full of plans to pursue a career in veterinary medicine, I had to come to terms with the reality that physics just wasn’t something I could understand. Instead, I found my niche in a course called “Farm Firm Management” taught by Dr. John Holt. Here, I surprised both of us with my keen sense of finding solutions to improve business decision-making based on the economic principles and analytical techniques he introduced to us in his course. The best part of working in the discipline of food and resource economics is that everyone who eats and/or appreciates natural resources benefits from our work as a partner. Seeing my students’ and clients’ eyes light up when I show them how economic models give us the power to make math dance and tell the story of why markets behave the way they do is how I continue to convey the flame of knowledge shared with me by my mentors with the next generations of difference makers.

Describe your involvement with NIFA and your role.

NIFA is focused on solving the thorny issues that we all face as a society of producers and consumers of food and resources. As such, all of my NIFA-supported projects are built around the skills and efforts of my teammates and stakeholders who participate in, contribute to, and benefit from research and education. I’ve sat on several NIFA grant panels, and while these are hard and time consuming, those hours are rewarding for two reasons. First, reviewing and discussing each proposal with my colleagues helps me see what kind of problems top researchers are trying to solve. Second, I learned how to improve my own grant submissions to meet application details, build strong, integrated teams alongside students and industry, and think about the expected economic impacts of the work.

Could you tell us about one of your NIFA-funded projects? What is the objective of your project and what impact do you hope it will have on your institution and your trainees?

I had the privilege of being part of the Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program projects in 2014-2019. I admit that these are my most favorite NIFA-funded projects because they are built on the inspirations and dreams of newcomers to agriculture or farmers ready to take on a new venture, and how my students from undergraduates have been an integral part of our project by finding new ways to connect producers and consumers and their communities. In this program, many refreshing and unexpected positive results have occurred, including award-winning team efforts to reach underserved audiences and the use of new technologies to reduce the costs of connecting buyers with sellers, to name just two things. As a researcher, I found great joy in being the art of the co-learning process that happened naturally by putting young and experienced entrepreneurs in a room, giving them economic tools to use, then watching them imagine better ways of doing things to benefit all of us in the food system. If universities continue to find ways to show students that we offer knowledge in the form of practical learning by doing, we generate added value for stakeholders, taxpayers, citizens of our States and the system world food, now and in the future. coming. NIFA funding is the number one key to achieving these multiple, integrated and long-term impacts and outcomes.

How has NIFA funding shaped your professional development as a scientist?

As my primary appointment centers on extension work with farmers, agricultural input suppliers, and support agencies such as the Cooperative Extension Service and state departments of agriculture, I have always been surrounded entrepreneurial thinkers and creators of out-of-the-box solutions. When I first got my PhD, I remember worrying about how I would find interesting challenges to solve and bright, hard-working people to work with, and I found all of that and more. in seeking NIFA funding and in service as a grant panelist. The global food supply chain is full of challenges and opportunities, and by focusing my research on successful grant proposals based on questions from the field and selected by a panel of my peers, I knew that my team and future students would make a difference in the realization of projects supported by NIFA. Career advancement depends on identifying real-world problems and connecting with people who have “skin in the game”, and this network of colleagues is the cornerstone of my scientific career success as we work together to find the alternative to pursue over the next best.

What advice do you have for current students who might be interested in pursuing a similar career?

My answer to this question seems to change as I get older and wiser, but for today I’d say follow your dreams and find a career you’re passionate about, and you’ll rarely have a dull day at the office. Academics are, by definition, lifelong learners, so there is no age limit or time constraint on investing in higher education – I did not get my PhD. until my 37th birthday while working two jobs and raising three young children. And if you encounter obstacles, find ways around them. For example, my undergraduate major wasn’t in economics, and my GPA wasn’t close to a 3.5, but my class work impressed a professor or two enough to take a chance and let me into the master of science program. As my mentor reminds me, to play the game, you have to sit down at the table. So grab a chair and pull it out – we could use all the minds we can get!

Top photo: Far left image of a truck full of potatoes, middle left image of a hand holding oysters. Middle right image of various fresh peppers at a farmers market and far right image of honey bees in a beehive. Photos courtesy of Adobe Stock.

Recycling infrastructure grants must include food scraps Wed, 10 Aug 2022 16:17:33 +0000

With funding provided through the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021, EPA is developing a pair of grant programs that have the potential to significantly improve progress toward our goal. nation to reduce food waste by 50% by 2030. The first program focuses on improving the effectiveness of residential and community recycling programs through education and public awareness, while the second grant program covers solid waste infrastructure for recycling.

The agency has engaged in several listening sessions and asks stakeholders for information on local needs, best practices and models to consider in developing the programs. The NRDC considers four elements to be an important part of grant program effectiveness.

I. Recycling infrastructure grant programs should include food scraps and other organic materials

Food is the largest component of landfills nationwide – contributing more than 36 million tons to landfills each year and accounting for 24% of municipal solid waste going to landfill. In order to achieve zero waste and climate goals at the municipal, state, and federal levels, food scraps (as well as other organic materials) must be managed separately from other materials in the municipal solid waste stream. Even with the best efforts to prevent food from becoming waste, there will always be inedible parts of food that will need to be recycled. Recycling food waste has the potential to divert 20.9 million tonnes of materials from landfills and prevent 4.94 million metric tonnes of CO2e of climate pollution from entering the atmosphere per year, as well as producing a net financial benefit of $239.7 million per year. Currently, there are over 5,000 composting facilities nationwide, but only about 500 facilities accept food scraps. Investments are needed to support current composting operations to accept and process food scraps, as well as to build new facilities at all scales and add or expand organics collection. Any federal grant program to support recycling infrastructure should include organics recycling and explicitly include food scraps as an eligible material.

Preventing and recycling organic waste, including food scraps, also helps alleviate important environmental justice considerations associated with landfills and incinerators. Nearly 80% of incinerators in the United States are located in chronically underfunded communities, where the majority of residents are black, indigenous or other people of color, resulting in environmental degradation, negative impacts on health and other burdens. In order to address longstanding inequities, communities of color that have suffered environmental justice impacts should be prioritized in funding provided to support food waste collection, recycling, and other materials management efforts. At the same time, although composting facilities have fewer harmful environmental impacts than landfills or incinerators, waste management facilities (including organics recycling facilities) should not be disproportionately located in communities of color. To avoid this, one of the grant requirements should be the development of a site plan that incorporates significant community participation. The plan should include an assessment of potential loads on the surrounding community and corresponding actions to address them.

II. Grant programs should fund assessments, planning efforts and policies

Proper planning is the first step to a successful infrastructure project, one that will work for the communities it serves over the long term, whether through assessment, planning, or other mechanism. Through the work of NRDC’s Food Matters, we’ve helped the cities of Denver and Baltimore conduct food waste recycling assessments and have seen the importance of these feasibility studies in determining what composting infrastructure will best serve the community. . The assessments informed city work plans and helped prioritize future actions. For example, based on the assessment, the City of Denver is exploring how to get more composting infrastructure and recently passed a new law making recycling and composting collection free, but establishing a monthly fee for collection of waste destined for landfill. Any grant funding should include support for assessments and other planning efforts in addition to facility upgrades and new development of treatment facilities or collection infrastructure.

Additionally, state and local policies such as organic waste bans, waste diversion requirements, landfill taxes, pay-as-you-go policies, and permit effectiveness have been shown to stimulate the recycling of food waste, in addition to expanding food rescue and creating new jobs. . Recycling infrastructure is essential to support the implementation of these policies, but the planning and evaluation processes needed to implement these policies effectively are costly. In addition to facility planning efforts, this grant program is expected to make funds available to state, local and tribal governments to plan or implement proven policies that reduce food waste in landfills and incinerators through the recycling organic materials and preventing waste.

III. Grants should support infrastructure at different scales

Not all organics recycling infrastructure needs to be concentrated on an industrial scale; some communities may be better served by locally directed community-scale compost processing at sites such as urban gardens, schools, farmers’ markets and other regional food hubs. Additionally, maintaining the collection and processing of food waste locally and on a smaller scale can limit potential negative environmental impacts, such as greenhouse gas emissions related to transporting waste. Subsidies should be made available to small collectors and processors for the purchase of land, materials, labour, transport and other operational needs.

Awarding a grant should also consider whether the management method (composting or anaerobic digestion) will utilize the materials for their highest and best ecological use. Anaerobic Digestion (AD) is not always the best technology for treating a particular organic waste stream, depending on whether or not the raw material has been source separated and how the end products (digestate) are treated. The choice of AD over composting or other options should consider whether nutrients will be preserved or lost (e.g. if AD digestate is landfilled after energy extraction, then nutrients are lost), and how to maximize the potential of organic matter to contribute to soil health by being turned into a soil amendment.

IV. Grant funding should also support waste prevention, awareness and educational materials

Education is essential to the success of recycling operations. The best planned projects can be underutilized if the community does not know about them and projects can fail if the community does not know how to properly participate. For example, plastic contamination in food waste streams continues to be an issue for processors, often resulting from residents and businesses putting the wrong materials into compost collection. Community education is essential to ensure that residents participate appropriately and therefore materials can be managed properly.

Education and awareness should also prioritize waste prevention. The greatest environmental, economic, and social benefits of reducing food waste are associated with reducing or preventing food from turning into waste, which is reflected in the EPA’s Food Waste Management Hierarchy emphasizing the need for source reduction before all other management strategies. Food waste prevention and recycling education and awareness materials can build on many existing resources. For example, the 2020 report of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine A national strategy to reduce food waste at the consumer level makes several recommendations relevant to the EPA grant program. This grant program should make funds available for education and awareness projects, and if beyond the scope of this grant, all grant applications should be required to include an education and awareness plan that includes prevention.

In conclusion, the NRDC sees a great opportunity to address issues related to climate and environmental justice through better management of food scraps in the Solid Waste Infrastructure for Recycling program. With this critical funding, the EPA can ensure that food waste nationwide is better avoided and more food scraps are recycled into nutrient-rich soil amendments rather than generating greenhouse gases and pollutants. other harmful pollutants when landfilled or incinerated. Increasing our ability to properly manage food scraps is essential to achieving zero waste and climate goals, such as our national goal to reduce food waste by 50% by 2050, as well as providing other environmental, economic and social benefits. social.

Little Rock Mayor Frank Scott Jr. announces overhaul of how officials process open case requests Wed, 10 Aug 2022 08:53:22 +0000

Little Rock Mayor Frank Scott Jr. at a meeting of the city’s board of directors announced an overhaul on Tuesday to how the city handles requests for open records under the Freedom Act information from Arkansas.

Scott’s administration has faced criticism for transparency, most recently from Jimmie Cavin, a Conway man who frequently digs into the activities of local government officials.

At the start of the meeting on Tuesday, Scott said he was “unhappy with some of the inefficiencies and delays in getting some information out.”

Little Rock City Chief Assistant Attorney Alex Betton would now oversee the Freedom of Information Act division, he said, along with other changes that will be implemented immediately.

Communication with citizens requesting public records about the status of their request had previously taken place within the human resources department, “and there were blockages and inefficiencies there,” Scott said.

Updates to the city’s website will go live this week, he said. The changes will include new features that will allow residents to see applications received so far this year and whether any or all are still pending, Scott said.

The site will also allow residents to directly submit a Freedom of Information Act request or contact the coordinator, he said.

At this time, inquiries to the City of Little Rock are being accepted through a dedicated email address, [email protected], although the city’s website says applications can also be made in person or by phone, fax, or mail. Requests under the Freedom of Information Act can be made to any city employee, the website says.

Although Scott said he approved earlier this year the purchase of new software called NextRequest intended to provide faster responses to FOIA requesters, the implementation of the software within the human resources department has been delayed, according to the mayor.

Going forward, Scott said the city’s Freedom of Information Law division will be a “stand-alone division” outside of HR and led by Betton.

Additional “refresher” training for all department heads will take place in the coming days, he said. Additionally, Scott said he “directed staff to eliminate certain internal procedural steps that unintentionally slowed the process of responding to requesters.”

A city press release on Tuesday said Betton would oversee the implementation of NextRequest software by September 1.

Arkansas Open Records Law requires government entities, including cities, to make records available to citizens upon request and allow citizens to inspect or obtain copies of those records, within exceptions.

If public records are “actively used or stored and therefore unavailable” when a citizen requests to review them, officials must notify the requester in writing and set a date and time within three working days to return the documents available, according to the law.

At a board meeting on August 2, Cavin, 60, accused Scott of ‘playing king’ and criticized the mayor’s use of a police security service as well as his spending in trips and dinners.

He suggested Scott’s administration violated FOIA. Cavin said he had requested Scott’s credit card statements from the city’s chief financial officer, but had not yet received them after being informed of the delays.

On Sunday, Cavin wrote on Facebook that he had received recordings in response to the request, which he said he originally submitted on July 22.

He shared images of credit card statements, describing them as “proof that Scott is spending taxpayers’ money lavishly like a drunken king.”

In a statement posted on social media on Monday, Scott slammed Cavin for launching “political attacks” on the city administration.

“We will not sit idly by while lies and false narratives are created by a politically charged effort to roll back the progress we are making,” Scott said in the statement.

Scott said expenses submitted to the finance department must obtain an explanation and list of attendees before being paid, adding that “all meetings or expenses reflected in our expenses were strictly for city business, in accordance with guidelines of the city’s longstanding practice”.

He also indicated that the expenses charged to an executive’s credit card might reflect the expenses of other team members — not just the executive’s — because other team members do not have Cards.

“So we can charge the card for a purchase at a community school, and then the bill is paid from the community school budget,” Scott wrote. “It is unfortunate that the political climate calls for this type of deceptive behavior regarding official business, so we must acknowledge the false narratives that threaten the integrity of your city government and this administration.”

All lit – Wood County and BG Parks team up for prescribed burns – BG Independent News Wed, 10 Aug 2022 00:23:58 +0000


BG Independent News

Fire can be a tricky land management tool. Thus, the Wood County Park District and the City of Bowling Green are officially partnering for future prescribed burns.

The two entities have agreed on a memorandum of understanding for the management of fires in the parks. For years, the two park systems have aided each other with prescribed burns to control unwanted growth.

“It finalizes this deal,” Wood County Park District Manager Chris Smalley said.

The arrangement benefits both entities because coordinating prescribed burns is a specialized skill — and the more park employees practice, the better, Smalley said.

The Bowling Green Parks and Recreation Department periodically conducts prescribed burns at the Wintergarden/St. John’s Nature Preserve as a land management tool.

These controlled burns have improved natural habitat for wildlife and aided in plant management – ​​effectively removing non-native invasive species that invade local habitat and shade out native plants. According to Cinda Stutzman, Bowling Green’s natural resources specialist, prescribed burns are considered a natural resource manager’s most cost-effective tool for managing natural habitat.

If weather conditions are favorable, the nature reserve conducts a prescribed burn in the spring to maintain the prairie grasses and flowers.

The Wood County Park District uses controlled burns to manage growth in several parks, including Cricket Frog Cove, Bradner Preserve, Baldwin Woods, and some locations along the Slippery Elm Trail.

Some burns are done in the spring, others in the fall, Smalley said.

“It depends on what we’re managing,” he said.

Adrien Lowien-Kirian, who coordinates prescribed burns in county parks, described the process last year to the park board.

“Fire is a very good management tool,” Lowien-Kirian said. “It’s really good for mitigating some invasive species.”

Controlled burning is the most effective method for restoring oak forests and savannahs, Lowien-Kirian said. Fires can reduce leaf and organic matter layers, increase nutrient cycling, improve seed germination and increase biodiversity.

Other methods can be used, such as herbicides, mowing, raking and blowing. But all take longer than controlled burns, Lowien-Kirian said. In some cases, a combination of methods is the best option, she said.

In all prescribed burns, the Wood County Park District follows detailed regulations of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources and the Ohio EPA. All personnel involved are trained, according to Lowien-Kirian.

Burning in grasslands and woods is only carried out when conditions are ideal. Factors such as wind, humidity, temperature, fuel moisture and fuel load must be taken into consideration, she explained. Very often, planned burns have to be delayed until the right conditions present themselves.

Also at Tuesday’s meeting, Park District Commissioner Denny Parish expressed concern that the seawall created next to Buttonwood Park does not appear to be smaller after an order from the Wood County Planning Commission. that the size of the mound should be reduced. The levee has been partly blamed for causing massive damage to the park from the ice pack along the Maumee River.

Smalley said he checked with planning commission officials, who said the owner had until September to reduce the levee.

Until then, the park district makes a minimal investment in the site. Buttonwood offers “very simple services,” including access to the Maumee River and portable toilets, Smalley said.

Jim Witter, the park’s district program coordinator, also pointed out that the site is used for wading programs and a catfish fishing tournament.

In other business at Tuesday’s meeting:

  • Witter distributed new guides for the Portage River Water Trail, which begins at William Henry Harrison Park in Pemberville and ends at Lake Erie. The newly opened water trail “connects people to local natural resources”, he said.
  • Deputy Park District Manager Andrew Kalmar reported water damage to the basement beams of the Otsego Park Stone Shelter. The concrete will be recast to repair the water deterioration, he said.
  • A Friends of the Parks representative spoke about the upcoming Native Plant Sale scheduled for this fall, featuring fall-blooming shrubs and flowers, a scarecrow contest, a birdseed sale, a photo contest of the park and a lending library in the Cedar Creeks Preserve.

Best RV Loans of 2022 – Forbes Advisor Tue, 09 Aug 2022 17:19:24 +0000

Upgrade was launched in 2017 and provides online and mobile banking and credit services accessible in all states except Iowa, Vermont and West Virginia. Since then, the platform has made more than $3 billion in credit available to more than 10 million applicants and continues to expand its online and mobile services. Although maximum APRs are high compared to other online lenders, Upgrade makes loans available to those with poor credit history.

Loan amounts, which start at just $1,000, are flexible but cap out at $35,000, less than lenders who focus on low-risk borrowers. Three and five year loan terms are available. Upgrade charges an origination fee of between 2.9% and 8% of the loan, and borrowers will incur a $10 fee if their payment is more than 15 days late or payment is not made; there is no discount for automatic payment. That said, upgrade borrowers aren’t subject to a prepayment penalty, so you can reduce the overall cost of the loan if you’re able to pay it off sooner.

In addition to offering accessible personal loans, Upgrade streamlines the loan process with a mobile app that lets borrowers view their balances, make payments, and update their personal information. Upgrade’s Credit Heath tool also makes it easy to track your credit score throughout the life of your loan.

Eligibility: Prospective borrowers must have a minimum score of 560 to be eligible for an upgrade personal loan (the average borrower score is 697), making it an accessible option for those with fair credit. Additionally, the lender does not require applicants to meet a minimum income requirement, although borrowers earn an average of $95,000 per year. Applicants must have a maximum pre-loan debt ratio of 45%, excluding their mortgage.

The lender also considers each applicant’s free cash flow, which demonstrates their likely ability to make regular, on-time loan repayments. Ideally, applicants should have a minimum monthly cash flow of $800.

The upgrade increases loan accessibility by allowing co-applicants as well.

The loan uses: Like most other personal loans, Upgrade loans should be used to pay off credit cards, consolidate other debts, make home improvements, or pay for other major purchases. However, Upgrade differs from some lenders by allowing borrowers to use personal loan funds to cover business expenses. Additionally, Upgrade will repay third-party lenders directly, making debt consolidation more convenient than with some competing lenders.

There are no specific prohibitions on the use of Upgrade Loans other than those already imposed by law.

Completion time : Once an upgrade loan is approved, it typically takes up to four business days for a borrower to receive the funds. However, if Upgrade repays a borrower’s loans directly to a third-party lender, it can take up to two weeks for the funds to clear.

Eagle Mountain Mining Limited (ASX:EM2) Insider Charles (Charlie) Bass buys 325,029 shares Tue, 09 Aug 2022 09:30:10 +0000

Insider Charles (Charlie) Bass of Eagle Mountain Mining Limited (ASX:EM2 – Get Rating) bought 325,029 shares of the company in a trade that took place on Thursday August 4th. The stock was purchased at an average price of A$0.23 ($0.16) per share, for a total transaction of A$76,056.79 ($53,186.56).

Eagle Mountain Mining Price Performance

The company has a quick ratio of 4.14, a current ratio of 4.14 and a debt ratio of 137.74.

Eagle Mountain Mining Company Profile

(Get a rating)

Eagle Mountain Mining Limited, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the exploration of mineral resources in Australia and the United States. He explored deposits of copper, gold and silver. The company is primarily focused on its wholly owned Oracle Ridge copper mine in Arizona, United States.

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Mercyhealth Development Foundation Announces Community Charity Ball Raffle to Benefit the House of Mercy Homeless Center Mon, 08 Aug 2022 17:30:41 +0000

The Mercyhealth Development Foundation is pleased to announce its Community Charity Ball Raffle to benefit the House of Mercy Homeless Center, 320 Lincoln St., Janesville.

Proceeds from the raffle and charity ball support the House of Mercy Homeless Center, a 25-bed facility in Janesville that provides homeless families with short-term emergency shelter and access to housing, placement and support. child care.

This year’s grand prize is $5,000 in cash donated by Mercyhealth MD-1. The second prize is a sum of $2,500 donated by Rohlik Financial Group. Third prize is a $1,500 Diamond Center gift certificate. Fourth prize is a $1,000 gift certificate from Pierce Home Furnishings. The fifth prize is a sum of $500 donated by E&D Water Works Inc.

Raffle tickets are $5 each, or five for $20, and can be purchased at Mercyhealth Hospital gift shops in Janesville and Rockford, the MercyCare Building in Janesville, online at and at of the Charity Ball event. Tickets will also be sold at the following community events: Nights on Festival on August 18, Milton Community Days on August 26, Janesville Farmers Market on August 27 and September 17, Music at the Marv on September 6 and Beloit Farmers Market on September 10 september.

The raffle winners will be drawn at the Charity Ball on Saturday, October 1 at The Celtic House, 1417 W. Airport Rd., Janesville. The elegant evening will begin at 5 p.m. with a social hour, appetizers and cocktails. It also includes a gourmet dinner, an impressive assortment of silent and live auction items, raffles and live music by the band Eddie Butts. The winners of the raffle will be announced at 9:30 p.m. You don’t have to be present to win.

Tickets for the Charity Ball are $125 per person. Places are by reservation only. Sponsorships and monetary donations, as well as items donated to silent auctions or live from the event, are greatly appreciated.

For more information on the raffle, or to reserve seats or donate an item to the Charity Ball, visit or contact Jackie Lee at (608) 741-2422 or

Be a good neighbor, plant trees around the pig farm Mon, 08 Aug 2022 07:50:57 +0000

Like a good neighbor, pig farms are there.

Too often pig farms get a bad press because of the smell. Some of this is justified because pigs smell, just like cattle, chickens, turkeys, dogs, cats, and humans. You get enough of anything together in one place, and you’ll smell.

Pig farmers can do a lot for themselves and their neighbors to lessen the odor emanating from barns – from specially formulated diets to pit additives to barn filters to a living barrier like a windbreak or windbreak.

Although it is said that the best time to plant a windbreak was 10 years ago, the second best time is today.

Windbreaks, a line or two or three or nine of a variety of trees, planted around farms and livestock facilities serve many purposes.

First, a windbreak, in addition to other pleasing landscaping, adds “curb appeal” to any construction site with or without livestock.

Additionally, rows of vegetation such as conifers and deciduous trees can “hide” livestock facilities. Not that breeders want to hide their facilities; they are proud of what they have built through hard work, blood, sweat and tears. However, neighbors of ranchers may wish the hard work was hidden away.

All this is not necessarily bad.

Odor barrier

Windbreaks not only satisfy the aesthetics of an agricultural site through the eyes of neighbors, but also the scent glands of those same neighbors.

When appropriate trees are selected, and placed and spaced correctly, windbreaks have been found to reduce the dispersal of dust and ammonia created by livestock facilities. University of Minnesota agroforestry educator Gary Wyatt, along with fellow extension educators Shane Bugeja and Dianne DeWitte, recently presented the “Windbreaks and Good Neighbors” workshop. Wyatt shared research from a study that showed a single row of immature Leyland cypress trees reduced dust and ammonia from a chicken coop by 30% and 18%, respectively.

Many other studies show similar results of vegetation mitigating the amount of odors and dust from livestock facilities.

As with everything farmers and ranchers do, you need to have a plan, and planting a windbreak is no exception.

Wyatt said it’s important not to “box in” your facilities, with the first row of trees at least 150 feet from your pigsty. Given setback requirements from property lines and other buildings on a site, proper spacing between rows of trees and barns may not be possible. This may be why you see open-air cattle barns with no tree barriers.

When establishing a shelterbelt or shelterbelt to improve a livestock operation, producers should consider the direction of prevailing winds and annual snowfall, so as not to create drift problem.

Livestock farmers can also go high-tech, as some hog systems have electrostatic fencing with high-voltage lines of barbed wire that “knock down” odor-carrying dust particles coming out of barn fans.

Secondary Benefits

In addition to mitigating odor and dust problems and improving the curb appeal of a livestock farm, windbreaks can also reduce the spread of infectious diseases, as some pathogens are spread by aerosolization . Another benefit of windbreaks is that well-placed vegetation can reduce seasonal heating and cooling costs for farm buildings without disrupting ventilation.

It makes sense to start planning your windbreak of the future to start reaping the full benefits. The key word is “plan,” and many organizations and agencies can help you choose the right mix of deciduous and evergreen plants to meet your needs. Evergreens that retain their needles provide year-round benefits. It is recommended that you first consider plants native to your area and, of course, those zoned for your growing region.

Consult county soil and water conservation districts, the Natural Resources Conservation Department, Natural Resources Departments or extension staff for a recommended list of plants suitable for your area. These agencies can also help you map your shelterbelt and direct you to available cost-sharing programs.

For online resources, check out these sites on planting and shelterbelt practices:

Schulz, a senior Farm Progress writer, grew up on the family pig farm in southern Minnesota before a career in agricultural journalism, including National Hog Farmer.

College tax credit: which loans can help cover the cost of higher education Sun, 07 Aug 2022 16:19:32 +0000

A college education is crucial for intellectual development.

However, Higher Education is expensive in United States.

According to IRSthere is two college education tax credits designed to mitigate high costs.

Taxpayers who paid for college in 2021 saved money with both programs on their tax returns.

The IRS says that ee american opportunity tax credit and lifetime learning credit reduce the amount of tax someone owes.

What are the two tax credits to help college students?

The IRS has two programs to help cover higher education.

The US Opportunity Tax Credit

-Worth a maximum benefit of $2,500 per qualifying student.

-Available only the first four years at an eligible college or vocational school.

-For students pursuing a degree or other recognized educational credential.

-Partially refundable. People could recover up to $1,000.

Lifetime Learning Credit

-Worth a maximum benefit of $2,000 per tax return, per year, regardless of the number of eligible students.

-Available for all years of post-secondary studies and for courses to acquire or improve professional skills.

-Available for an unlimited number of tax years.

Who is eligible for both credits?

According to thand IRS, to claim any of the credits, taxpayers must complete Form 8863, Education Creditsand attach it to their tax return.

Eligible taxpayers must receive -or a addicted must receive- Form 1098-T from a qualifying educational institution.

If taxpayers, their spouses or dependents are taking post-secondary education, they may be eligible for a tax benefit.

If the credit reduces the tax to less than zero, the taxpayer could even receive a refund.

Khalifa Fund for Enterprise Development offers $30m to support Kenyan SMEs Sun, 07 Aug 2022 07:58:19 +0000

The Khalifa Fund for Enterprise Development (KFED) and Kenya’s Ministry of National Treasury and Planning have signed a financing agreement of AED110 million ($30 million) to empower the Enterprise Development Fund for young people in Kenya, the Emirates News Agency (WAM) reported.

Signed in the presence of President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya by Alia Al Mazrouei, CEO of KFED, and Ukur Kanacho Yatani, Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of National Treasury and Planning, the agreement aims to promote entrepreneurship and develop small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Kenya. .

This decision is in accordance with the directives of the President of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

Al Mazrouei said the funding agreement, which embodies the close ties of friendship between the UAE and Kenya, aims to support the Kenyan government’s efforts in economic development, promote innovation and projects innovations, to create employment opportunities for young people in addition to unlocking their potential, developing their skills and empowering them to contribute to building a sustainable and sustainable national economy, WAM reported.

“We aim to support the efforts of the Kenyan government to achieve economic development by strengthening the SME sector and spreading the culture of entrepreneurship among the youth and the empowerment of women,” she added.

Under the agreement, she continued, more than 3,000 projects, 40 percent of which will be allocated to women, will be funded and are expected to generate nearly 13,000 job opportunities for Kenyan youths.

She underscored the UAE’s commitment to supporting the official development efforts of the least developed countries and enabling them to improve their economic performance, in order to achieve economic and social stability, which positively affects the economy. world and international stability.

For his part, Ukur Yatani expressed his gratitude to the UAE for the support, which will enable many segments of society, including women and young people, to contribute positively to building the economic future of their country, hailing the solid relations that unite the two friendly countries.

He explained that such agreements will have a positive impact, helping to advance development in rural areas, support the initiation of projects, create employment opportunities in the future and ensure overall growth to reduce poverty. poverty.