The Arab region has one of the highest water scarcity rates in the world and a very critical freshwater situation. More than 200 million people live in conditions of water scarcity and 160 million in conditions of absolute water scarcity. The recent outbreak of COVID-19 revealed that more than 74 million people in the region are at high risk of contracting the virus due to the lack of basic facilities to wash their hands with water and soap. soap. As demand for water is expected to increase, Arab countries must adapt to meet the combined challenges associated with rapid population growth, of more than a third by 2050, economic development, environmental considerations and climate change. . Therefore, there is a need to accelerate the implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and innovate to manage competing demands on this precious resource.
In order to meet the challenges and future demands of sustainable development, the Arab Ministerial Council on Water has included the advancement of IWRM principles among the objectives of the Arab Water Security Strategy 2010-2030 (ASWS). ) as a key element of water policies in Arab countries. States. Furthermore, the presence of active policies, legislations and institutional frameworks for IWRM is one of the indicators of this strategy. All Arab countries are committed to the vision of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and most have developed strategies for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in their national development plans, explicitly SDG target 6.5. thus engaging in the implementation of IWRM as an important mechanism to achieve sustainable development and effective management of water resources.
DG 6: Ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Target 6.5: By 2030, implement IWRM at all levels, including through cross-border cooperation, as appropriate.
Indicator 6.5.1: Degree of implementation of IWRM (0-100).
This report, the result of fruitful cooperation between the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) and UNEP-DHI, provides an update on progress in the implementation of IWRM in the Arab region and identifies priority areas that will help accelerate full implementation. It is based on data from 21 of the 22 countries in the region that reported on SDG indicator 6.5.1 in 2017 and 2020. The analysis of progress towards the 2030 target is based on 15 countries that participated in this survey in 2017 and 2020. .
As a comprehensive quantitative assessment of regional progress in implementing IWRM, the findings and recommendations of this report will be used to inform the preparatory process and regional reports for the Decade of Action for Water, which can mobilize the action needed to achieve internationally agreed water-related goals and targets. .
SDG indicator 6.5.1 is measured on a scale of 0 to 100, based on a national survey containing 33 questions on the four dimensions of IWRM: (1) the enabling environment of policies, laws and blueprints; (2) involvement of institutions and stakeholders; (3) management instruments; (4) financing of water resources management. Indicator scores are categorized as follows: